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Health Statistics (China's Mainland)

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Health Statistics (China’s Mainland)

 

 

I.                    Medical Services

 

A.     Number of Visits and Inpatients in Medical Institutions

 

Number of Visits (100 Million)

Number of Inpatients (10000)

 

Hospitals

Health Centers

 

Hospitals

Health Centers

2007

28.42

16.38

7.87

9827

6487

2699

 

B.      Number of Visits and Inpatients in Medical Institutions in 2007

 

Number of Visits (100 Million)

Number of Inpatients (10000)

 

Nonprofit

For Profit

 

Nonprofit

For Profit

Total

28.42

27.19

1.15

9827

9514

285

Hospitals

16.38

15.59

0.77

6487

6208

269

General Hospitals

12.33

11.79

0.52

5190

5005

177

TCM Hospitals

2.54

2.49

0.05

750

734

16

Specialized Hospitals

1.26

1.08

0.17

476

408

67

Sanatoriums

0.02

0.02

-

38

37

1

Community Health Service Centers

2.26

2.15

0.09

107

101

6

Health Centers

7.87

7.83

0.01

2699

2683

3

Township Health Centers

7.59

7.54

0.01

2662

2646

2

Outpatient Departments

0.51

0.23

0.27

12

6

6

MCH Centers

1.21

1.21

-

458

455

-

Specialized Disease Prevention & Treatment Institutes

0.18

0.17

-

26

25

-

 

C.     Percentage of Outpatients by Department in General Hospitals

 

2000

2005

2006

2007

Total

100.0

100.0

100.0

100.0

Internal Department

30.9

30.7

30.5

30.8

Surgical Department

12.3

13.5

13.8

13.5

Gyn. & Obs. Department

8.4

10.4

10.8

11.3

Pediatric Department

6.9

8.1

8.3

9.0

TCM Department

8.3

6.3

6.0

4.5

 

D.     Daily Visits and Inpatients Per Doctor in Hospitals

 

Daily Visits Per Doctor

Daily Inpatients Per Doctor

 

Daily Visits Per Doctor

Daily Inpatients Per Doctor

Total

City Hospitals at Prefecture Level

2007

6.0

2.0

2007

6.4

2.2

Hospitals of MOH

City Hospitals at County Level

2007

8.4

2.4

2007

6.0

1.7

Provincial Hospitals

County Hospitals

2007

6.9

2.2

2007

5.1

1.8

 

E.      Number of Visits and Inpatients in Hospitals by Region in 2007

Region

Visits (10000)

Inpatients (10000)

Beijing

7187.7

133.0

 

F.      Visits and Inpatients in Non-profit Hospitals by Region in 2007

Region

Visits (10000)

Inpatients (10000)

Beijing

6958.1

128.4

 

G.     Utilization of Beds in Medical Institutions in 2007

 

Utilization Rate (%)

Average Stay Days in Hospitals (%)

 

Nonprofit

For Profit

 

Nonprofit

Profit

Total

70.9

71.8

48.7

8.9

8.9

8.2

Hospitals

78.2

79.9

48.9

10.8

10.8

8.7

General Hospitals

78.6

80.0

47.9

10.1

10.2

7.5

TCM Hospitals

73.0

73.9

48.0

10.6

10.6

11.7

Specialized Hospitals

81.7

86.4

50.4

18.0

19.1

11.2

Sanatoriums

45.3

45.1

22.9

9.7

9.8

1.0

Community Health Service Center

58.0

58.1

55.7

9.1

9.6

2.1

Health Centers

48.5

48.4

38.4

4.8

4.8

3.9

Township Health Centers

48.4

48.3

36.6

4.8

4.8

4.2

Outpatient Departments

37.8

41.3

31.6

4.1

8.1

1.8

MCH Centers

67.8

67.9

83.8

5.3

5.3

8.3

Specialized Disease Prevention & Treatment Institutes

55.4

55.5

35.6

16.5

16.7

19.0

 

H.     Work Loads of Medical Service in Hospitals at Different Levels in 2007

 

Visits

(100 Million)

Inpatients (10000)

Bed Utilization Rate (%)

Daily Visits Per Doctor

Daily Inpatients Per Doctor

Total

16.4

6487.2

78.2

6.0

1.9

Tertiary Level

5.5

2033.7

97.6

6.9

2.3

1st Class

4.2

1467.2

100.3

7.3

2.4

2nd Class

1.0

434.3

93.4

6.1

2.3

Secondary Level

7.4

3476.2

75.6

5.6

1.8

1st Class

5.4

2579.7

80.2

5.8

1.8

2nd Class

1.5

678.4

65.0

5.0

1.6

Primary Level

1.4

333.2

52.5

6.5

1.2

1st Class

1.0

234.5

55.9

7.0

1.3

2nd Class

0.1

17.6

44.5

6.1

1.0

 

I.        Percentage of 10 Main Diseases of Inpatients in City Hospitals of Health Sector in 2007

Rank

2007

Disease (ICD-10)

%

1

Injury, Poisoning & External Causes

12.82

2

Diseases of the Respiratory System

11.49

3

Diseases of the Digestive System

10.55

4

Pregnancy, Childbirth & the Puerperium

9.96

5

Malignant Neoplasms

6.31

6

Diseases of the Genitourinary System

5.52

7

Cerebrovascular Diseases

5.25

8

Ischaemic Heart Diseases

4.06

9

Endocrine, Nutritional & Metabolic Diseases

3.14

10

Certain Infectious & Parasitic Diseases

2.91

 

Total

72.01

 

J.       Medical Secure System

 

Total

Urban

Rural

2003

2003

2003

Basic Insurance

8.9

30.4

1.5

Government

1.2

4.0

0.2

Labor Insurance

1.3

4.6

0.1

Cooperative Insurance

8.8

6.6

9.5

Others

1.4

2.2

1.2

Commercial Insurance

7.6

5.6

8.3

Self Payment

70.3

44.8

79.0

 

 

II.                 Rural and Urban Community Health

 

A.     Medical Services and Utilization of Beds in Township Health Centers

 

Visits

 (100 Million)

Inpatients (10000)

Turnover of Beds (Times)

Utilization Rate (%)

Average Stay Days

2007

7.59

2662

36.7

48.4

4.8

 

 

III.               Maternal and Child Health

 

A. Percentage of New-method Delivery and Hospitalized Delivery

Year

% of New-method Delivery

% of Hospitalized Delivery

Total

Urban

Rural

Total

Urban

Rural

2007

98.4

99.1

97.9

91.6

95.8

88.8

 

B.      Maternal Mortality Rate in Surveillance Regions (Per 100000 Live Births)

Year

Total

Urban

Rural

2007

36.6

25.2

41.3

 

C.     Mortality Rate of Children Under 5-year in Surveillance Regions (Per 1000 Live Births)

 

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Total

 

 

 

 

 

Newborn Mortality Rate

10.7

 

 

 

 

Infant Mortality Rate

15.3

 

 

 

 

Mortality Rate of Children Under 5-year

18.1

 

 

 

 

Urban

 

 

 

 

 

Newborn Mortality Rate

5.5

 

 

 

 

Infant Mortality Rate

7.7

 

 

 

 

Mortality Rate of C

9.0

 

 

 

 

Rural

 

 

 

 

 

Newborn Mortality Rate

12.8

 

 

 

 

Infant Mortality Rate

18.6

 

 

 

 

Mortality Rate of C

21.8

 

 

 

 

 

 

IV.               Disease Control and Public Health

 

A. Death Rate of 10 Main Diseases in Cities and Counties in 2007

Rank

Cities

Counties

Cause

Death Rate 1/100000

%

Cause

Death Rate 1/100000

%

1

Malignant Neoplasms

176.23

28.53

Malignant Neoplasms

144.15

24.80

2

Cerebrovascular Disease

111.47

18.04

Cerebrovascular Disease

119.69

20.59

3

Heart Disease

100.61

16.29

Diseases of the Respiratory System

100.20

17.24

4

Diseases of the Respiratory System

80.94

13.10

Heart Disease

86.01

14.80

5

Injury & Poisoning

37.63

6.09

Injury & Poisoning

52.07

8.96

6

Endocrine, Nutritional & Metabolic Disease

20.38

3.30

Diseases of the Digestive System

15.62

2.69

7

Diseases of the Digestive System

17.46

2.83

Endocrine, Nutritional & Metabolic Disease

8.82

1.52

8

Disease of the Genitourinary System

7.93

1.28

Disease of the Genitourinary System

7.12

1.22

9

Disease of the Nervous System

5.86

0.95

Disease of the Nervous System

4.45

0.77

10

Mental Disorders

5.35

0.87

Mental Disorders

3.50

0.60

 

Total

 

91.28

Total

 

93.19

 

 

V.                 Health Status of Population

 

A.     Birth, Death and Natural Growth Rate

Year

Birth Rate (0/00)

Death Rate (0/00)

Natural Growth Rate  (0/00)

2007

12.10

6.93

5.17

 

B.      Life Expectancy

Year

Data Source

Total

Male

Female

2005

World Health Statistics

73.0

71.0

74.0

 

 

VI.               Surveillance of Hygiene

 

A. The Basic Situation of Inspected Field in 2007

 

Number of Cases

Number of Valid Health Licenses

Number of Staff

Staff with Health Certification

Food Hygiene

5332931

5417419

20825694

20400494

Public Place Hygiene

906971

929875

4506690

4320093

Drinking Water Hygiene

80902

55179

310156

289181

School Health

261120

-

-

-

Occupational Health

199291

-

-

-

Technical Service Institutions for Occupational Health

3241

103667

403369

-

Radiation Health

49972

33883

219278

134876

Water Related Products

3408

-

53836

-

Cosmetic Products

3278

3315

30759

29201

Disinfection Products

9474

8067

108230

-

 

B.      Health Supervision & Surveillance in 2007

 

Units of Health Supervision

Qualification Rate (%)

Cases of Health Surveillance

Qualification Rate (%)

Food Hygiene

16015743

91.11

1147556

88.28

Public Place Hygiene

2215693

91.07

3532856

92.97

Drinking Water Hygiene

172374

85.7

311754

88.58

Cosmetic Products

167509

92.67

31424

95.13

Disinfection Products

330135

93.94

442947

94.04

Food Utensils Disinfection

-

-

7883899

83.08

Water-Related Products

-

-

2249

93.55

 

 

VII.            Health Resource

 

A.     Number of Health Institutions

 

2007

Total

298408

Hospitals

19852

General Hospitals

13372

TCM Hospitals

2720

Specialized Hospitals

3282

Others

478

Health Centers

40679

Urban Health Centers

803

Township Health Centers

39876

Sanatoriums

237

Outpatient Clinics

197083

Maternal & Child Health Centers

3051

Specialized Disease Prevention & Treatment Institutes

1365

Centers for Disease Control & Prevention

3585

Medical Research Institutes

237

Others

32319

 

B.      Number of Medical Institutions in 2007

 

Total

Among Total

 

Non-profit

For Profit

Government

Society

Private

Total

289538

135105

151863

74429

68357

146752

Hospitals

19852

15759

4019

9832

6446

3574

General Hospitals

13372

11062

2269

5854

5460

2058

TCM Hospitals

2720

2404

314

2257

171

292

TCM-WM Hospitals

245

137

106

98

58

89

Minority Hospitals

200

184

16

180

6

14

Specialized Hospitals

3282

1951

1302

1432

738

1112

Nursing Hospitals

33

21

12

11

13

9

Sanatoriums

237

229

3

110

126

1

Community Health Service Centers

27069

24577

1465

9650

14450

2969

Health Centers

40679

40516

81

39289

1090

300

Urban Health Centers

803

788

12

757

28

18

Township Health Centers

39876

39728

69

38532

1062

282

Outpatient Departments

7124

3052

4018

496

3303

3325

Clinics

189959

46545

142262

10674

42723

136562

MCH Centers

3051

3006

2

2952

95

4

Specialized Disease Prevention & Treatment Institutes

1365

1250

11

1254

95

16

 

C.     Number of Hospitals by Grade in 2007

 

Hospitals

General Hospitals

TCM Hospitals

TCM-WM Hospitals

Specialized Hospitals

MCH Centers

Specialized Disease Prevention & Treatment Centers

Total

19852

13372

2720

245

3282

3051

1365

Tertiary

1182

728

194

19

237

63

19

1st Class

704

439

122

13

127

32

2

2nd Class

326

223

56

5

41

18

1

3rd Class

15

8

0

0

7

1

2

Secondary

6608

4306

1553

60

612

478

91

1st Class

3521

2322

901

28

243

228

23

2nd Class

2187

1495

478

20

165

130

23

3rd Class

95

63

14

2

11

6

1

Primary

4685

3867

214

44

524

684

67

1st Class

2563

2287

66

18

175

524

21

2nd Class

430

356

22

3

46

57

7

3rd Class

93

67

13

3

9

1

4

Others

7377

4471

759

122

1909

1826

1188

 

D.     Number of Health Personnel

Total Personnel

5907052

Health Professionals

4787610

Doctors & Assistant Doctors

2012914

Doctors

1644467

Senior Nurses & Nurses

1543257

Pharmacists

325212

Laboratory Technicians

206487

Others

699740

Other Technical Personnel

243460

Management Staff

356569

Support Service Workers

519413

 

E.      Number and Percentage of Doctors by Department

 

Number of Doctors (2005)

% (2005)

Total

1607673

100.0

Internal Department

301023

18.7

Surgical Department

189803

11.8

Pediatric Department

63704

4.0

Gynecology and Obstetric Department

163449

10.2

Ophthalmology Department

18460

1.1

Otorhinolaryngology Department

22325

1.4

Stomatological Department

51012

3.2

Psychiatry Department

19130

1.2

Infectious Disease Department

36218

2.3

Tuberculosis Department

7840

0.5

Dermatology Disease Department

14088

0.9

Tumor Department

14140

0.9

Radiation Department

66191

4.1

TCM Department

229910

14.3

Others

410380

25.5

 

F.      Total Health Expenditures

 

2006 (Year)

Total Health Expenditure ( 100 million yuan)

9843.3

Government Health Expenditure.

1778.9

Social Health Expenditure

3210.9

Personal Health Expenditure

4853.5

 

 

% of Health Expenditure

100.0

Government Health Expenditure

18.1

Social Health Expenditure

32.6

Personal Health Expenditure

49.3

 

 

% of GDP (Health Expenditure in GDP)

4.67

Per Capita Health Expenditure

748.8

Urban

1248.3

Rural

361.9

 

Source: Ministry of Health of China

 

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